Ubuntu

Package Management

Update the System

apt update       # Fetches the list of available updates
apt list --upgradable # see list of packages that can be upgraded
apt upgrade      # Installs some updates; does not remove packages
apt full-upgrade # Installs updates; may also remove some packages, if needed
apt autoremove   # Removes any old packages that are no longer needed

Get Info about a .deb File

dpkg -I <package_name>.deb

List Content of a .deb File

dpkg -c <package_name>.deb

List installed packages

apt list --installed

Check Ubuntu Version

lsb_release -a

Install Ubuntu as a VirtualBox Guest

This describes how to install Ubuntu as a VirtualBox guest system to do experiments with docker or other stuff.

Basic installation

  • download a server version of Ubuntu

  • the current LTS version might be a good idea

  • do normal installation

Install XFCE

To be able to copy and paste to and from the guest system you need a desktop environment like XFCE. XFCE is small compared to GNOME and the minimal installation does not contain LibreOffice and other stuff you do not need.

  • install tasksel: sudo apt install tasksel

  • execute tasksel: sudo tasksel

  • select Xubuntu minimal installation

  • press tabulatur and select Ok with return key

  • reboot

Install VirtualBox Guest Additions

  • install build-essential with: sudo apt-get install build-essential

  • link the VirtualBox Guest Additions iso image to a cd drive

  • cd should be auto mounted to somewhere at /media if XFCE or GNOME is installed

  • change to that directory and execute installation: sudo ./VBoxLinuxAdditions.run

also see here: https://askubuntu.com/questions/1035030/virtualbox-guest-additions-installation-problem/1047193#1047193

Install Docker

To install docker do not install the package called docker. Docker is a “ System tray for KDE3/GNOME2 docklet applications”. The package you need is called docker.io

  • install with: sudo apt install docker.io

  • start with: sudo systemctl start docker

  • stop with: sudo systemctl stop docker

  • enable (always start at boot time) with: sudo systemctl enable docker